The role of soils has long been recognized as critical to rainfall–runoff processes in watersheds. Hydropedology is an emerging interdisciplinary ﬁeld that integrates pedology, hydrology, geomorphology, and other related bio- and geosciences to study interactive pedologic and hydrologic processes and the landscape–soil–hydrology relationships across space and time. This article presents an overview of hydropedology’s contributions to the understanding and modeling of surface/subsurface runoff processes, especially the diagnosis of soil features that can help answer “why-type” questions in watershed hydrology and the ubiquitous nature of preferential ﬂow and its networks. We highlight two bottlenecks for advancing watershed hydrology and hydropedology: a conceptual bottleneck of modeling subsurface preferential ﬂow networks and a technological bottleneck of nondestructively mapping or imaging subsurface architecture. Quantiﬁcation of “soil architecture” at various scales and the identiﬁcation of “hydropedologic functional units” in different landscapes offer promising potentials to advance hydrologic modeling. We present the information of linking surface/subsurface runoff processes to pedologic understanding at three scales of microscopic (macropores and aggregates), mesoscopic (horizons and pedons), and macroscopic (hillslopes and catchments) levels. Various examples from the literature are synthesized to illustrate the key points. Further research needs are suggested in the end.
Lin, H.S., Brook, E., McDaniel, P., and Boll, J. (2008): Hydropedology and Surface/Subsurface Runoff Processes . In M. G. Anderson (Editor-in-Chief) Encyclopedia of Hydrologic Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. . DOI: 10.1002/0470848944.hsa306