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Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory

0.08 km2, 256-310 m elevation, 9.5 °C, 1050 mm/yr

Our interdisciplinary team works collaboratively in one observatory to advance methods for characterizing regolith, to provide a theoretical basis for predicting the distribution and properties of regolith, and to theoretically and experimentally study the impacts of regolith on fluid pathways, flow rates, and residence times.

Garner Run - Electrical Conductivity, Soil Temperature (2018)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geochemistry / Mineralogy, Soil Science / Pedology    David Eissenstat; Jon Duncan; Qicheng Tang

Garner Run and Shale Hills - Soil Gas, Soil Moisture (2015-2016)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geophysics, Geochemistry / Mineralogy    Jason Kaye; Lillian Hill

National - Climate, Flux Tower, Streamflow / Discharge - CUAHSI WDC web services (1968-2015)
7 components    Boulder Creek Watershed, Christina River Basin, Jemez River Basin, Santa Catalina Mountains, El Verde Field Station, Northeastern Puerto Rico and the Luquillo Mountains, Rio Blanco, Rio Mameyes, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory, Providence Creek Headwater Catchments (1660 - 2115 m elevation), Wolverton Basin (2230 - 2700 m elevation), Other instrumented sites    Climatology / Meteorology, Hydrology, Soil Science / Pedology    Boulder Creek Critical Zone Observatory; Catalina-Jemez Critical Zone Observatory; Luquillo Critical Zone Observatory; Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory; Southern Sierra Critical Zone Observatory; Christina River Basin Critical Zone Observatory

National - Stream Water Chemistry - Cations, Anions, Metals (1982-2015)
1 components    Bisley, Betasso, East Peak, Marshall Gulch (High-Elevation), Providence Creek Subcatchment P301, Providence Creek Subcatchment P303, Providence Creek Subcatchment P304, Eel River Watershed, Puente Roto, Rio Blanco, Rio Icacos, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biogeochemistry, Biology / Ecology, Hydrology, Water Chemistry    Hyojin, Kim; Bishop, Jim; Dietrich, William; Fung, Inez; McDowell, William H.; Brantley, Susan L.; Hoagland, Beth; Sullivan, Pamela L.; Cain, Molly; Neal, Andrew; Fisher, Jessica; Russo, Tess; Niwot Ridge LTER; Liu, Fengjing; Chorover, Jon; Troch, Peter; McIntosh, Jennifer; Brooks, Paul; Abramson, Nate; Heidbuechel, Ingo; Amistadi, Mary Key; Alexander Pedron, Shawn; Chorover, Jon; Troch, Peter; Corley, Timothy; Zapata-Rios, Xavier; Losleben, Mark; Condon, Katherine

National - Streamflow / Discharge - USGS and USDA Data Resources (1985-2017)
22 components    Boulder Creek Watershed, Santa Catalina Mountains, Jemez River Basin, Reynolds Creek Experimental Watershed, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory, Northeastern Puerto Rico and the Luquillo Mountains, Clear Creek Watershed, Sangamon River Basin, Calhoun Critical Zone Observatory, Providence Creek Headwater Catchments (1660 - 2115 m elevation)    Hydrology    USGS National Water Information System

National - Flux Tower - AmeriFlux Network data (2007-2018)
14 components    Boulder Creek Watershed, Jemez River Basin, Reynolds Creek Experimental Watershed, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory, San Joaquin Experimental Range (210-520 m elevation), Soaproot Saddle (1000-1500 m elevation), Short Hair (2670 m elevation)    Climatology / Meteorology    Boulder Creek Critical Zone Observatory; Catalina-Jemez Critical Zone Observatory; Reynolds Creek Critical Zone Observatory; Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory; Southern Sierra Critical Zone Observatory

National - LiDAR, Land Cover, GIS/Map Data - OpenTopography (2010-2017)
18 components    Boulder Creek Watershed, Eel River Watershed, Jemez River Basin, Reynolds Creek Experimental Watershed, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory, Northeastern Puerto Rico and the Luquillo Mountains, Sangamon River Basin, Clear Creek Watershed, Calhoun Critical Zone Observatory, Providence Creek Headwater Catchments (1660 - 2115 m elevation)    Geomorphology, GIS / Remote Sensing, Hydrology, Biology / Ecology    National Center for Airborne Laser Mapping; Boulder Creek Critical Zone Observatory; Calhoun Critical Zone Observatory; University of Arizona; University of California Merced; Valles Caldera National Preserve; Bandelier National Monument; National Park Service; Jemez River Basin and Santa Catalina Mountains Critical Zone Observatory; Luquillo Critical Zone Observatory; Reynolds Creek CZO; Eel River CZO; Shale Hills CZO

National - Air Temperature, Flux Tower, Meteorology - NADP and NOAA or other weather stations (2017)
8 components    Boulder Creek Watershed, Calhoun Critical Zone Observatory, Jemez River Basin, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Climatology / Meteorology    NADP; NOAA; others

Shale Hills - Groundwater Depth, Streamflow / Discharge - Watershed Reanalysis (1979-2010)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Duffy, Christopher J.

Shale Hills - Stream Water Chemistry (2006-2010)
5 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biogeochemistry, Water Chemistry, Hydrology    Brantley, Susan L.; Duffy, Christopher, J.

Shale Hills - Soil Porewater Chemistry (2006-2011)
6 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biogeochemistry, Water Chemistry, Hydrology    Brantley, Susan L.; Duffy, Christopher J.

Shale Hills - Streamflow / Discharge - Shale Hills Stream Flow / Discharge Data (2006-2012)
8 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Duffy, Christopher J.

Shale Hills - Precipitation (2006-2013)
2 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Climatology / Meteorology, Hydrology    Duffy, Christopher J.

Shale Hills - Soil Moisture, Hydropedologic Properties (2006-2015)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology, Soil Science / Pedology, Biology / Ecology    Naithani, Kusum; Baldwin, Doug

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties, Matric Potential - 229 Probes (2007-2010)
4 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties, Air Temperature (2007-2014)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties, Matric Potential - 253 Probes (2007-2014)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties, Matric Potential - MPS Probes (2007-2014)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties, Precipitation (2007-2014)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology, Climatology / Meteorology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties, Soil Moisture (2007-2014)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties, Soil Temperature (2007-2014)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties - Water Table (2007-2014)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), Geology, GIS/Map Data - GPR Bedrock Elevation GIS Data (2008)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    GIS / Remote Sensing    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) (2008-2009)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Groundwater Chemistry (2008-2010)
3 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Water Chemistry, Hydrology    Brantley, Susan L.; Duffy, Christopher J.

Shale Hills - Stable Isotopes, Groundwater Chemistry (2008-2011)
7 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Water Chemistry, Hydrology    Duffy, Christopher J.; Thomas, Evan M.

Shale Hills - Stable Isotopes, Precipitation (2008-2011)
8 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Water Chemistry, Hydrology, Climatology / Meteorology    Duffy, Christopher J.; Thomas, Evan

Shale Hills - Stable Isotopes, Soil Porewater Chemistry (2008-2011)
7 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Water Chemistry, Hydrology    Duffy, Christopher J.; Thomas, Evan M.

Shale Hills - Stable Isotopes, Stream Water Chemistry (2008-2011)
7 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Water Chemistry, Hydrology    Duffy, Christopher J.; Thomas, Evan M.

Shale Hills - Tree Growth & Physiology, Vegetation - Above-Ground Tree Biomass Data (2008-2012)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Kaye, Margot; Smith, Lauren

Shale Hills - Vegetation - Tree Survey (2008-2012)
3 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Eissenstat, David M.; Kaye, Margot

Shale Hills - Soil Gas, Soil Porewater Chemistry - pCO2; CO2 Flux; N2O, NO3, NH4, DOC Concentrations (2008-2014)
11 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geochemistry / Mineralogy    Hasenmueller, Elizabeth A.; Kaye, Jason; Weitzman, Julie

Shale Hills - Streamflow / Discharge - Discharge Reanalysis (2008-2015)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology, Modeling / Computational Science    Shi, Yuning; Xiao, Dacheng

Shale Hills - Electrical Conductivity, Groundwater Chemistry - Solute Tracer Tests (2009)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geochemistry / Mineralogy, Water Chemistry, Hydrology    Singha, Kamini

Shale Hills - Ecosystem model (2009-2010)
2 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Modeling / Computational Science, Climatology / Meteorology    Ken Davis; Yuting He

Shale Hills - Groundwater Depth - Shale Hills Groundwater Depth Data (2009-2012)
4 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Duffy, Christopher J.

Shale Hills - Soil Moisture - Shale Hills RTH Soil Moisture Data (2009-2012)
9 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Duffy, Christopher J.

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties, Electrical Conductivity (2009-2013)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Meteorology (2009-2013)
6 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Climatology / Meteorology    Davis, Kenneth; Shi, Yuning

Shale Hills - Precipitation, Meteorology - LPM Disdrometer (2009-2014)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology, Climatology / Meteorology    Duffy, Chistopher; Yu, Xuan

Shale Hills - Sap Flow - Shale Hills Sap Flow Data (2009-2014)
13 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Eissenstat, David M.

Shale Hills - Vegetation, Stable Isotopes, Soil Water Chemistry (2009-2014)
2 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology, Hydrology    Gaines, Katie; Eissenstat, David M.

Shale Hills - Flux Tower (2009-2016)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Climatology / Meteorology    Davis, Kenneth

Shale Hills - Precipitation, Meteorology (2009-2016)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Climatology / Meteorology, Hydrology    Arthur, Dan K.

Shale Hills - Precipitation, Meteorology (2009-2016)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Climatology / Meteorology, Hydrology    Arthur, Dan K.

Shale Hills - Digital Elevation Model (DEM), GIS/Map Data, Land Cover, LiDAR, Soil Survey (2010)
16 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    GIS / Remote Sensing    Guo, Qinghua

Shale Hills - Geophysics (2010)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geophysics    Singha, Kamini

Shale Hills - Geophysics - Gamma Ray Logs (2010)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geophysics    Singha, Kamini

Shale Hills - GIS/Map Data - Control Points Survey (2010)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    GIS / Remote Sensing    Duffy, Christopher J.

Shale Hills - GIS/Map Data - Ground Survey (2010)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    GIS / Remote Sensing    Duffy, Christopher J.

Shale Hills - LiDAR - Terrestrial Laser Mapping (2010)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geomorphology, GIS / Remote Sensing    Kirby, Eric; Slingerland, Rudy

Shale Hills - LiDAR, Vegetation (2010)
2 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology, GIS / Remote Sensing    Qinghua Guo

Shale Hills - Vegetation - Leaf Area Index (2010)
4 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Eissenstat, David M.

Shale Hills - Vegetation - Survey to Validate LiDAR (2010)
5 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Eissenstat, David M.

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties - Imaginary Dielectric Constant (2010-2011)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties - Real Dielectric Constant (2010-2011)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Vegetation - Litter & Dendroband Data (2011-2013)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Kaye, Margot; Smith, Lauren

Shale Hills - Soil Moisture - COSMOS Probe (2011-2016)
3 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geophysics, Hydrology    Zreda, Marek; Shuttleworth, William J.

Shale Hills - Stream Ecology - Benthic Macroinvertebrate Survey (2012)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Susan Yetter

Shale Hills - Vegetation, Stable Isotopes (2012)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology, Hydrology    Gaines, Katie; Eissenstat, David M.

Shale Hills - Geophysics, Seismic Refraction (2012-2013)
23 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geomorphology, Geophysics    Clarke, Brian

Shale Hills - Geology, Sediment Transport - Sieve Data - Shale Hills & Missed Grouse (2013)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology, Soil Science / Pedology    Toran, Laura

Shale Hills - Geology, Soil Water - Infiltrometer - Shale Hills & Missed Grouse (2013)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Toran, Laura

Shale Hills - GIS/Map Data - Geospatial Database (2013)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    GIS / Remote Sensing    Neal, Andrew

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties, Soil Moisture - Shale Hills Model Input Soil Parameters (2013)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology, Modeling / Computational Science, Soil Science / Pedology    Shi, Yuning

Shale Hills - Vegetation - Root Length Density (2013)
2 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Eissenstat, David M.

Shale Hills - Streamflow / Discharge, Stream Suspended Sediment (2013-2016)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Karwan, Diana L.

Shale Hills - Groundwater Depth, Groundwater Temperatures, Barometric Pressure, Groundwater Chemistry - Shale Hills Groundwater Depth and Groundwater Temp (2013-2019)
11 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Brantley, Susan L.; Kim, Hyojin; Forsythe, Brandon

Shale Hills - Tree Growth & Physiology, GIS/Map Data - Tree Falls (2014)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geomorphology, Biology / Ecology    White, Tim

Shale Hills - Solar Radiation (2014-2016)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Climatology / Meteorology    Davis, Kenneth J.

Shale Hills - Groundwater Chemistry, Stream Water Chemistry (2015)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geochemistry / Mineralogy, Water Chemistry    Brantley, Susan L.; Kim, Hyojin

Shale Hills - Groundwater Chemistry, Stream Water Chemistry (2015)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geochemistry / Mineralogy, Water Chemistry    Brantley, Susan L.; Kim, Hyojin

Shale Hills - Soil Geochemistry (2015)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geochemistry / Mineralogy    Bern, Carleton

Shale Hills - Groundwater Temperatures, Stream Water Temperatures (2015-2016)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Russo, Tess; Kim, Hyojin

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties - Real and Imaginary Dielectric Constants (2015-2016)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Stream Water Chemistry, Groundwater Chemistry (2015-2017)
3 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geochemistry / Mineralogy    Brantley, Susan L.

Shale Hills - Hydropedologic Properties, Soil Moisture, Soil Temperature (2015-2018)
4 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Shale Hills - Streamflow / Discharge, Groundwater Temperatures, Electrical Conductivity (2015-2018)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Brantley, Susan L.

Shale Hills - Streamflow / Discharge, Stream Water Temperatures, Electrical Conductivity (2015-2018)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Russo, Tess

Shale Hills - Sap Flow - Shale Hills Sap Flow Data (2016-2018)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Eissenstat, David M.

Shale Hills - Electrical Conductivity, Soil Moisture, Soil Temperature (2018)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geochemistry / Mineralogy, Soil Science / Pedology    David Eissenstat; Jon Duncan; Qicheng Tang

Shale Hills - Snow Depth (2018)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Climatology / Meteorology, Hydrology    Brantley, Susan L.; Forsythe, Brandon

Shale Hills, Boulder, Luquillo, JRB-SCM, Calhoun - Soil Geochemistry (2001-2013)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory, Bisley, Boulder Creek Watershed, Northeastern Puerto Rico and the Luquillo Mountains, Santa Catalina Mountains    Geochemistry / Mineralogy, Biogeochemistry    Niu, Xianzeng; Williams, Jennifer; Brantley, Susan L.; Miller, Doug; Bills, Brian

Shale Hills, Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Vegetation, Tree Growth & Physiology (2014)
2 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Kaye, Margot

Shale Hills, Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Vegetation (2015)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Brubaker, Kristen

Shale Hills, Missed Grouse - Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) (2013)
5 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Geophysics, Hydrology    Toran, Laura

Shaver's Creek - Streamflow / Discharge, Stream Water Chemistry, Stream Water Temperatures - Stream Water Discharge and Chemistry (2013-2015)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology, Water Chemistry    Russo, Tess; Hoagland, Beth

Shaver's Creek - Streamflow / Discharge, Stream Water Temperatures, Air Temperature, Electrical Conductivity, Barometric Pressure (2013-2016)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology    Russo, Tess; Hoagland, Beth

Shaver's Creek - Groundwater Chemistry, Surface Water Chemistry (2014)
1 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology, Water Chemistry    Herndon, Elizabeth

Shaver's Creek - Stream Water Chemistry - Stream Water Chemistry (2014)
2 components    Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Hydrology, Water Chemistry    Russo, Tess; Hoagland, Beth

Shaver's Creek Watershed - Tree Growth & Physiology - Root Distribution Data (2015)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Eissenstat, David M.

Shaver's Creek Watershed - Vegetation - Leaf Litter Collection Data (2015)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Eissenstat, David M.; Kaye, Margot


Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)

0.65 km2,

The Cole Farm catchment (0.65km2) is located ~ 4 km southwest of the Shale Hills site, draining orthogonally to a syncline axis of the Wills Creek Formation, a calcareous shale containing interbedded siltstone, sandstone, shaly limestone, and dolomite. Even though the farm adopted no-till practices in the 1970s, the axial channel of Cole Farm flows over a thick (>2.5 m) package of sediment in the valley floor. Soils range in texture from silty clay at the ridge top to sandy loam in the valley floor.

Cole Farm - Precipitation - Daily Precipitation (2017-2019)
2 components    Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)    Climatology / Meteorology, Hydrology    Li, Li; Xiao, Dacheng

Cole Farm - Soil Moisture, Soil Temperature (2017-2019)
4 components    Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)    Hydrology, Soil Science / Pedology    Eissenstat, David M.; Duncan, Jon; Tang, Qicheng

Cole Farm - Seismic Refraction, Geophysics (2018)
1 components    Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)    Geophysics, Geomorphology    Hayes, Jorden

Cole Farm - Soil Moisture - COSMOS Probe (2018)
1 components    Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)    Soil Science / Pedology    Li, Li; Xiao, Dacheng

Cole Farm (Agricultural Site) - Meteorology (2017-2018)
1 components    Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)    Climatology / Meteorology    Kenneth J. Davis

Cole Farm (Agricultural Site) - Groundwater Depth, Groundwater Temperatures (2017-2019)
8 components    Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)    Hydrology    Brantley, Susan L.; Forsythe, Brandon

Cole Farm (Agricultural Site) - Soil Moisture, Soil Temperature (2017-2019)
4 components    Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)    Hydrology, Soil Science / Pedology    Eissenstat, David M.; Duncan, Jon; Tang, Qicheng

Cole Farm (Agricultural Site) - Solar Radiation (2018-2019)
1 components    Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)    Climatology / Meteorology    Kenneth J. Davis

Cole Farm East Mid-Slope - Electrical Conductivity (2017-2018)
1 components    Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)    Geophysics, Soil Science / Pedology, Hydrology    Brantley, Susan L.; Tang, Qicheng

Cole Farm Ridge Top - Electrical Conductivity (2017-2018)
1 components    Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)    Geophysics, Geology / Chronology    Brantley, Susan L.; Gu, Xin

Cole Farm Valley Floor - Electrical Conductivity (2017-2018)
1 components    Cole Farm (Agricultural Site)    Geophysics, Geology / Chronology    Brantley, Susan L.; Gu, Xin


Garner Run - Sandstone Forested

Garner Run Sandstone Forested site is situated on both sides of a segment of Garner Run, a tributary of Shavers Creek, on sandstone bedrock of slopes of Leading Ridge and Tussey Mountain in Huntingdon County, PA. (1.34km2), located ~ 3.5 km north of the Shale Hills site, is a headwater catchment with a small stream flowing parallel to a syncline fold axis of Tuscarora Formation, an erosionally resistant orthoquartzic sandstone with minor interbedded shale units. Surficial geology is largely controlled by periglacial alteration, such as slumps and solifluction lobes associated with thawing permafrost soils.

Garner Run - Vegetation (2014)
2 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Soil Science / Pedology    Margot Kaye

Garner Run - Soil Geochemistry (2014-2016)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Geochemistry / Mineralogy    Brantley, Susan L.

Garner Run - Sap Flow - Garner Run Sap Flow Data (2016-2018)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Biology / Ecology    Eissenstat, David M.

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Geophysics, Seismic Refraction, Geomorphology (2016-2017)
6 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Geophysics, Geomorphology    Hayes, Jordan

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Stream Water Temperatures - Fiber-Optic Distributed Temperature Sensor (2014)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Hydrology    Russo, Tess; Hoagland, Beth

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Groundwater Chemistry (2014-2016)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Hydrology, Geochemistry / Mineralogy    Brantley, Susan L.

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Hydropedologic Properties - Real and Imaginary Dielectric Constants (2014-2016)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Soil Gas (2015)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Geochemistry / Mineralogy, Soil Science / Pedology    Kaye, Jason; Hill, Lillian

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Groundwater Depth, Groundwater Temperatures (2015-2016)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Hydrology    Russo, Tess; Hoagland, Beth

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Regolith Survey (2015-2016)
2 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    GIS / Remote Sensing    Roman DiBiase; Joanmarie Del Vecchio

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Soil Moisture - COSMOS Probe (2015-2016)
2 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Soil Science / Pedology    Li, Li; Xiao, Dacheng

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Hydropedologic Properties, Soil Moisture, Soil Temperature (2015-2018)
4 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Soil Science / Pedology    Lin, Henry; Brantley, Susan L.

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Soil Gas - Gas Sample (O2 and CO2) (2015-2018)
2 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Geochemistry / Mineralogy, Soil Science / Pedology    Jason Kaye; Caitlin Hodges; Ben Dillner

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Groundwater Temperatures, Barometric Pressure, Groundwater Depth (2017-2019)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Hydrology    Tess Russo; Beth Hoagland

Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Precipitation - Precipitation (2018-2019)
6 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Climatology / Meteorology, Hydrology, Soil Science / Pedology    Eissenstat, David M.; Duncan, Jon; Tang, Qicheng

Garner Run Outlet - Streamflow / Discharge, Air Temperature, Stream Water Temperatures (2014-2016)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Hydrology    Russo, Tess; Hoagland, Beth

National - Soil Gas - CO2 and O2 (2014-2017)
2 components    Bigelow Site (High-Elevation), Jemez 2013 Burned ZOB, Jemez Unburned Site, Calhoun CZO Research Area 1, Garner Run - Sandstone Forested, Northeastern Puerto Rico and the Luquillo Mountains    Biogeochemistry, Climatology / Meteorology, Soil Science / Pedology, Biology / Ecology    Brecheisen, Zachary; Chorover, Jon; Kaye, Jason; Silver, Whendee; Abramson, Nate; Barron-Gafford, Greg; Condon, Katherine E.; Cook, Charles W.; Hill, Lillian; Losleben, Mark; Minor, Rebecca; O'Connell, Christine; Richter, Daniel deB.; Durcik, Matej

Shale Hills - Soil Gas - Soil Gas Sample (O2 and CO2) (2015-2018)
2 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested    Geochemistry / Mineralogy, Soil Science / Pedology    Jason Kaye; Caitlin Hodges; Ben Dillner

Shale Hills, Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Vegetation, Tree Growth & Physiology (2014)
2 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Kaye, Margot

Shale Hills, Garner Run (Sandstone Forested) - Vegetation (2015)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Brubaker, Kristen

Shaver's Creek Watershed - Tree Growth & Physiology - Root Distribution Data (2015)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Eissenstat, David M.

Shaver's Creek Watershed - Vegetation - Leaf Litter Collection Data (2015)
1 components    Garner Run - Sandstone Forested, Susquehanna Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory    Biology / Ecology    Eissenstat, David M.; Kaye, Margot


Shale Transect

7-24 °C, 1000-2500 mm/yr

Sites with constant parent lithology (Silurian Rose Hill Formation) used to study the effects of climate on regolith formation, soil geochemistry, formation and erosion. The sites are operated in collaboration between Penn State and six partner institutions.

Shale Transect - Meteorology, Air Temperature, Precipitation, Soil Moisture, Solar Radiation (2010-2014)
26 components    Shale Transect    Climatology / Meteorology, Hydrology    Dere, Ashlee; White, Tim


Wales, UK

7.2 °C, 2500 mm/yr

The Wales transect site is located near Llanidloes, Wales, United Kingdom. The sampling site is within the Hafren Forest at an elevation of 1352 ft. The forest is a 4,000 ha area actively logged by the Forestry Commission and used for recreation. Historical uses include copper and lead mining and sheep grazing in some parts of the watershed. The source of the River Severn, which terminates near Bristol, UK, is found at the top of the watershed, not far from Pumlumon, the highest mountain in mid-Wales. The watershed has been extensively monitored by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology for 40 years and is commonly referred to as Plynlimon. Sitka Spruce is the dominant vegetation and the underlying shale is called the Gwestyn Formation, which is equivalent to the Rose Hill Shale but has undergone some regional metamorphism. The climate is cold and very wet, with 60% of rain falling between October and March; air frost has been recorded in every month. Mean annual precipitation is 250 cm and mean annual temperature is 7.2 °C.


Colgate University NY

8.3 °C, 1000 mm/yr

The New York transect site is located near Paris, New York, in Oneida County, about thirty minutes from Colgate University. Private landowners have generously allowed use of their land for soil sampling and installation of a weather tower. The shale is part of the Clinton Group, which is equivalent to the Rose Hill Shale farther south in Pennsylvania. The site has thick forest cover and a perennial stream; elevation is 719 ft. Winters are harsh and cold and summers are moderate. Mean annual precipitation is 100 cm and mean annual temperature is 8.3 °C.


Juniata College PA

10 °C, 1070 mm/yr

Marcellus shale is well known as a natural gas play in the northeastern United States of America. A fracture density and geochemical study was conducted on Marcellus outcrops in central Pennsylvania to better understand physical and chemical weathering processes and relationships within the weathering profile of the Marcellus. The fracture density study served to provide quantitative data on the abundance of fractures in exposed Marcellus shale. As hypothesized, progressively higher fracture density values (FDV) were calculated closer to the soil profile. Understanding fracture densities and their associated depths can be used to explain why soil formation rates are faster. A study of this kind also has applications to natural gas extraction. The geochemical study was conducted to observe elemental depletion and movement within the soil profile. Lysimeters were installed to collect soil water in which major, trace elements, and Cu isotope compositions were measured. These concentrations and isotope ratios are important to understanding the extent of biogeochemical reactions.


Washington and Lee VA

13 °C, 1400 mm/yr

The Virginia transect site is located about 20 km from Lexington, VA, home of Washington and Lee University. The site is within the Goshen Wildlife Management Area, east of the Goshen Branch. The shale is Rose Hill Shale. The site has thick forest cover and is situated on a very flat ridgetop flanked by steep slopes, at an elevation of 2800 ft. Winters are cold and summers are warm. Mean annual precipitation is 140 cm and mean annual temperature is 13 °C.


Univ of Tennessee TN

14.2 °C, 1220 mm/yr

The Tennessee transect site is located in Big Ridge State Park, near Maynardville, TN, about 25 miles from the University of Tennessee campus in Knoxville. The 3,687 acre park surrounds the Norris Lake Reservoir. The sampling site is located on the tallest ridge, at an elevation of 1444 ft; the Smoky Mountains can be seen in the distance. The site is in the lower 10m of the Rose Hill Shale Formation, adjacent to the Tuscarora Sandstone Formation, which is exposed on the ridge. Winters are mild, with occasional snow, and summers are warm and humid. Mean annual precipitation is 122 cm and mean annual temperature is 14.2 °C. The site is located 36.27357 latitude and -83.91348 longitude.


Alabama A&M AL

15.6 °C, 1370 mm/yr

The Alabama transect site is located in Lake Guntersville State Park, near Lake Guntersville, AL, approximately 50 minutes from the Alabama A&M University campus. The site is on the Monsanto Tract of the park, which has not been developed for recreational purposes. The shale here is called the Red Rock Formation but is equivalent to the Rose Hill Shale in other parts of the transect. At an elevation of 758 ft., the site has thick forest cover and is adjacent to Lake Guntersville. Winters are very mild and summers are very hot and humid. Mean annual precipitation is 137 cm and mean annual temperature is 15.6 °C. The site is located at 34.42292 latitude and -86.20667 longitude.


U of Puerto Rico - Mayaguez

24.4 °C, 2100 mm/yr

The Puerto Rico transect site is located on private property off Rt. 111 between Juncal and Lares, Puerto Rico, about 30 miles northeast of the University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez. The site is located on the San Sebastian formation, an Oligocene-age shale that is chemically similar to the Silurian-age Rose Hill Shale underlying other transect sites. Site elevation is 1,200 feet and vegetation is tropical, including numerous banana plants and palm trees. Winters are extremely mild and summers are hot and wet. Mean annual precipitation is 210 cm and mean annual temperature is 24.4 °C. The site is located at 18.30083 latitude and -66.90668 longitude.

Data Use Policy
Data Sharing Policy
  • Data Use Policy

    DRAFT v.0.4.0

    1. Use our data freely. All CZO Data Products* except those labelled Private** are released to the public and may be freely copied, distributed, edited, remixed, and built upon under the condition that you give acknowledgement as described below. Non-CZO data products — like those produced by USGS or NOAA — have their own use policies, which should be followed.

    2. Give proper citation and acknowledgement. Publications, models and data products that make use of these datasets must include proper citation and acknowledgement. Most importantly, provide a citation in a similar way as a journal article (i.e. author, title, year of publication, name of CZO “publisher”, edition or version, and URL or DOI access information. See http://www.datacite.org/whycitedata). Also include at least a brief acknowledgement such as: “Data were provided by the NSF-supported Southern Sierra Critical Zone Observatory” (replace with the appropriate observatory name).

    3. Let us know how you will use the data. The dataset creators would appreciate hearing of any plans to use the dataset. Consider consultation or collaboration with dataset creators.

    *CZO Data Products.  Defined as a data collected with any monetary or logistical support from a CZO.

    **Private. Most private data will be released to the public within 1-2 years, with some exceptionally challenging datasets up to 4 years. To inquire about potential earlier use, please contact us.

  • Data Sharing Policy

    DRAFT v.0.2.5

    All CZO investigators and collaborators who receive material or logistical support from a CZO agree to:

    1. Share data privately within 1 year. CZO investigators and collaborators agree to provide CZO Data Products* — including data files and metadata for raw, quality controlled and/or derived data — to CZO data managers within one year of collection of samples, in situ or experimental data. By default, data values will be held in a Private CZO Repository**, but metadata will be made public and will provide full attribution to the Dataset Creators†.

    2. Release data to public within 2 years. CZO Dataset Creators will be encouraged after one year to release data for public access. Dataset Creators may chose to publish or release data sooner.

    3. Request, in writing, data privacy up to 4 years. CZO PIs will review short written applications to extend data privacy beyond 2 years and up to 4 years from time of collection. Extensions beyond 3 years should not be the norm, and will be granted only for compelling cases.

    4. Consult with creators of private CZO datasets prior to use. In order to enable the collaborative vision of the CZO program, data in private CZO repositories will be available to other investigators and collaborators within that CZO. Releasing or publishing any derivative of such private data without explicit consent from the dataset creators will be considered a serious scientific ethics violation.

    * CZO Data Products. Defined as data collected with any monetary or logistical support from a CZO. Logistical support includes the use of any CZO sensors, sampling infrastructure, equipment, vehicles, or labor from a supported investigator, student or staff person. CZO Data Products can acknowledge multiple additional sources of support.

    ** Private CZO Repository. Defined as a password-protected directory on each CZO’s data server. Files will be accessible by all investigators and collaborators within the given CZO and logins will be maintained by that local CZO’s data managers. Although data values will not be accessible by the public or ingested into any central data system (i.e. CUAHSI HIS), metadata will be fully discoverable by the public. This provides the dual benefit of giving attribution and credit to dataset creators and the CZO in general, while maintaining protection of intellectual property while publications are pending.

    † Dataset Creators. Defined as the people who are responsible for designing, collecting, analyzing and providing quality assurance for a dataset. The creators of a dataset are analogous to the authors of a publication, and datasets should be cited in an analogous manner following the emerging international guidelines described at http://www.datacite.org/whycitedata.

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