Higher Education

The development of a new scientific discipline requires focused education of young scientists engaged in the new discipline

Faculty, staff, graduate student and post-doctoral researchers from all of the U.S. and SoilTrEC CZOs mingle along a roadside in the White Mountains of Crete during a joint meeting and field trip hosted by the Technical University of Crete and Koiliaris CZO during September 2008.

Educational Resources (examples for Higher Education)

  • Grades 6 - 14

    In The Trenches CZO Theme Issue

    All Disciplines

    Article

    Preview

    Cross-CZO

  • × Cover of 'In the Trenches' journal.  It features State College High school students with TeenShale Network measuring stream discharge and additional water quality parameters of Black Moshannon Creek. [Photo by Earth & Environmental Systems Institute, Penn State University]

    Grades 6 - 14

    In The Trenches CZO Theme Issue

    All Disciplines

    Article

    Learn about educational initiatives and resources for teaching CZ Science. This issue includes seven articles that describe approaches to teaching CZ Science, why teaching CZ Science is important, and how such approaches can satisfy NGSS expectations. Full access requires NAGT membership.

    Educational Objectives

    Describe a range of approaches to, and resources for, teaching CZ Science.

    As this is a collection of seven articles, the educational objectives are too numerous to list here. They are listed in the individual entries for each article.

    Visit this resource

    See CZO listing


    Audience: K-12 • General Public • Higher Education

    Observatory: National CZO • Luquillo CZO • Reynolds CZO • Shale Hills CZO

    Author: D. Haas, T. White, S. McGee, N. Rodriguez, J.Z. Williams, S. Dykhoff, J. Pollak, S.L. Brantley, K.P. O’Neill, J.F. Rice, D. deB. Richter, C. Roemmele, S. Smith, A. Moore


  • Grades 13 - Professional

    Critical Zone Oxford Bibliography

    All Disciplines

    Article & Information

    Preview

    National

  • × A screengrab of the Critical Zone entry in Oxford Bibliographies.

    Grades 13 - Professional

    Critical Zone Oxford Bibliography

    All Disciplines

    Article • Information

    Delve into Critical Zone Science (history, future directions, and components) via an annotated bibliography of selected resources (last updated May 2016). Note that access to all of the content requires a subscription to Oxford Bibliographies.

    Educational Objectives

    This resource is an annotated bibliography of Critical Zone related selected resources, making it a gateway to satisfying a wide range of objectives.

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    See CZO listing


    Audience: Higher Education • Research Community

    Observatory: National CZO

    Author: Tim White (Penn State) and Sarah Sharkey (Penn State)


    Funding: NSF CZO

  • Grades 9 - Professional

    The Earth Scientist: Critical Zone Theme Issue

    All Disciplines

    Article

    Preview

    Cross-CZO

  • × Cover for a special issue of The Earth Scientist journal, published by National Earth Science Teachers Association (NESTA). The issue was sponsored by the Critical Zone Observatory Network.

    Grades 9 - Professional

    The Earth Scientist: Critical Zone Theme Issue

    All Disciplines

    Article

    Learn about a range of educational initiatives and resources for teaching about the Critical Zone. This issue includes eight articles that describe approaches to teaching CZ Science, why teaching CZ Science is important, and how such approaches can offer excellent ways to satisfy the NGSS.

    Educational Objectives

    Describe a range of approaches to teaching CZ Science.

    As this is a collection of eight articles, the educational objectives are too numerous to list here. They are listed in the individual entries for each article.

    Visit this resource (pdf)

    See CZO listing


    Audience: K-12 • Higher Education

    Observatory: National CZO • Calhoun CZO • Luquillo CZO • Sierra CZO

    Author: M. Augustinsky, K. Cook, D. Haas, A. Dye, J. Flowers, M. Gilmore, S. McGee, M. Meadows, M. Menon, K. O’Neill, D.D. Richter, N. Baez Rodriguez, E. Stacy, L. Sullivan, T. White


  • Grades 15 - 16

    CZ Science 3. Critical Zone architecture & evolution

    Geology/Chronology +

    Curriculum

    Preview

    National

  • × A Pennsylvania cliff, illustrating a cross section of the Critical Zone with trees, soil, and bedrock.

    Grades 15 - 16

    CZ Science 3. Critical Zone architecture & evolution

    Geology/Chronology • Geomorphology • GIS/RemoteSensing

    Curriculum

    The goal of this module is a basic understanding of geologic processes and their relationship to Critical Zone processes and science. The focus is on the lithosphere's presence and role in CZ form and function. This module is part of a CZ Science course hosted by InTeGrate SERC.

    Educational Objectives

    By the end of this module students will be able to:

    • Accurately recognize that tectonic processes of uplift and subsidence and the resulting landforms influence surficial processes of erosion, sediment transport and deposition, hill slope movement, and regolith production, and determine the architecture and evolution of the Critical Zone.
    • Effectively summarize freely available online resources that provide information on geological mapping and aerial and other remotely sensed imagery that can be used in landscape assessment, and apply those resources to a site evaluation.

    More on this module's objectives can be found here.

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    See CZO listing


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The most successful of these education activities has been the CZO International Scholars program. Through support from NSF-International Programs-Europe since 2007, 54 graduate students within and outside of the CZOs from 16 universities througout the United States have visited more than 20 European host institutions and field sites. In the process, the student travelers have broadened their scientific knowledge and perspective, availed of unique expertise and instrumentation not available in the U.S., and generated data sets to compare to information gathered from field sites and labs at or associated with the various U.S. CZOs. A compilation of abstracts and papers derived in whole or in part from this support is available under associated files (see below). The program will continue in 2015 through 2019 due to funds provided to the CZO National Office from an NSF Science Across Virtual Institutes grant.

A group of six CZO collaborators are currently working to develop a new undergraduate curriculum in Critical Zone science. Their effort is supported by the NSF-funded InTeGrate program and aims to develop a new semester-long course comprised of stand-alone, ~two-week long modules. The course has been fully developed and moved into the testing phase at 6 universites - in 2015 that course content will be available on the SERC website and here for anyone to use in their courses.

Tim White, as national coordinator, and Susan Gill, Stroud Water Research Center education director, developed a successful Research Experience for Undergraduates program that places 6 undergraduate students each at the Christina River Basin and Shale Hills CZOs during the summers of 2014 through 2016. The results of those REUs were presented at the 2014 biennial meeting of CUAHSI entitled Water Across the Critical Zone, and will soon be available for download here.


The higher education program has also been enriched by close CZO ties to its European counterpart, Soil Transformations in European Catchments (SoilTrEC), a research initiative that includes 4 CZOs in Europe. Each year SoilTrEC stages a variety of graduate student and post-doctoral research training workshops and meetings and graciously invites U.S. students and other participants, while the U.S. NSF has provided funds to support limited participation in some of those workshops. Most recently, 14 U.S. students, half from within and half from outside the formal CZO program, participated in a reactive transport modeling workshop held at the Technical University of Crete in July 2012.

Georg Lair, Manos Kotronakis, and Taru Lehtinen in Crete, October 2012.

U.S CZOs have also hosted European graduate students and post-doctoral researchers for training events. Here three graduates of the 2010 Critical Zone field school held at the Susquehanna-Shale Hills CZO, Georg Lair, Manos Kotronakis, and Taru Lehtinen, share a moment together in Crete at the annual meeting of SoilTrEC, October 2012.

Georg Lair, Manos Kotronakis, and Taru Lehtinen in Crete, October 2012.


Associated Files

Intlscholarspub
(88 KB pdf)
List of abstracts and publications derived from International Scholars funding provided by the US NSF.



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