Bressan, 2014

Paper/Book

A Model for Knickpoint Migration in First- and Second-order Streams

Bressan, F., Papanicolaou, A.N., and Abban, B. (2014)
Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 4987–4996  

Abstract

We introduce a new theoretical framework for knickpoint migration in unventilated flows prevalent in channelized semicohesive first- and second-order streams characterized by a sequence of constrictions and expansions in the channel cross section. A key feature of the framework is the inclusion of shear-induced fluvial erosion due to flow suction at the nappe as the key mechanism driving migration. Channel surveys, water stage, time-lapse photography, and laser scans from Mud Creek, Iowa, USA, confirm this unventilated erosive mechanism and reveal a dual advective-diffusive mode of retreat. We treat the fluvial bed shear stress as being similar to the flow on the lee side of a submerged obstacle and derive a governing equation which is a generalized Burgers’ equation. The equation is solved to successfully simulate knickpoints monitored in two sites (Iowa and Mississippi), and a modified Peclet number is used to analyze the advective-diffusive nature of the knickpoint migration.

Citation

Bressan, F., Papanicolaou, A.N., and Abban, B. (2014): A Model for Knickpoint Migration in First- and Second-order Streams. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 4987–4996. DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060823