Organic carbon (C )-mineral complexation mechanism is crucial in C sequestration. It is a function of geomorphologic, hydrologic, and microbiological processes. Soil horizons with abundant Fe and Mn oxides/hydroxides have high mineral surface area and thus a high capacity to complex C , reducing its susceptibility to microbial degradation.[p]At the C hristina River Basin-C ritical Zone Observatory, located in the Piedmont region of southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware, we investigate how Feand Mn- redox transformations affect the C cycle under varying redox conditions across a wide range of landscape uses, such as floodplain forest, upland forest, and agriculture.[p]This multidisciplinary field study will demonstrate the combined results for the chemical composition of soil-pore water, bulk soil, and molecular analysis on microbial communities coupled with an advanced sensor network for real-time monitoring of hydrological and biogeochemical parameters. These sensors can be widely installed at low cost using open-source hardware and software platforms.
Lazareva, O., D.L. Sparks, A. Aufdenkampe, K. Yoo, S. Hicks and J. Kan. (2012): Biogeochemical Transformation of Fe- and Mn- Along a Redox Gradient: Implications for Carbon Sequestration within the Christina River Basin Critical Zone Observatory. DENIN Research Symposium, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, January.