Perdrial et. al., 2012

Talk/Poster

Carbon and water, the energy for weathering and chemical denudation

Perdrial J. N., Rasmussen C., McIntosh J. C., Zapata X., Harpold A. A., Vazquez A., Porter C. M., Brooks P. D., Meixner T., Mitra B., Troch P. A.,, Chorover J. (2012)
Abstract EP41I-05 presented at 2012 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 3-7 Dec (Talk)  Cross-CZO

Abstract

Development of predictive relations between climatic forcing and geochemical weathering is a priority for Critical Zone (CZ) research.  We postulate that quantification of climatic drivers, by their integration into a single currency that accounts for energy associated with water and carbon fluxes, is predictive of catchment solute loss associated with incongruent landscape dissolution (i.e. chemical denudation). This hypothesis was tested using meteorological data incorporated into a model of effective energy and mass transfer (EEMT, kJ-2 y-1,[1]) to determine if EEMT is a useful predictor of chemical denudation observed at different scales of CZ observation (pedon to watershed). Water, carbon and lithogenic element flux data were collected from several snow-dominated forested mountain catchments underlain by rhyolite in the Santa Catalina Mountains - Jemez River Basin (SCM-JRB) CZ Observatory during the years 2010-2012. Annual catchment scale fluxes for major and trace lithogenic elements (Na, Mg, Si, Ca and lanthanides a.k.a. REE) are positively correlated (r2 between 0.6 and 0.9) with annual EEMT values (i.e., CZ inputs of energy associated with carbon and water). Both differences in climatic conditions as well as catchment characteristics (i.e. aspect) modulate the magnitude of EEMT and, corresponding chemical denudation. Furthermore, CZ EEMT store (EEMTin - EEMTout), the energy available for weathering, shows likewise positive correlations with the loss of lithogenic elements, confirming that CZ water and carbon fluxes can be used to predict chemical denudation.[1] Rasmussen et al. (2010). An open system framework for integrating critical zone structure and function. Biogeochemistry. 102, 15-29.

 

Citation

Perdrial J. N., Rasmussen C., McIntosh J. C., Zapata X., Harpold A. A., Vazquez A., Porter C. M., Brooks P. D., Meixner T., Mitra B., Troch P. A.,, Chorover J. (2012): Carbon and water, the energy for weathering and chemical denudation. Abstract EP41I-05 presented at 2012 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 3-7 Dec (Talk).