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Calhoun CZO - LiDAR - LiDAR features for the Calhoun CZO forest plots (2015)

LiDAR features for the Calhoun CZO forest plots

Variables:  latitude ('lat'), longitude ('long'), 'elevation', 'lat(Y)_NAD83 UTM 17N', 'long(X)_NAD83 UTM 17N', minimum return height('min_h'), maximum return height ('max_h'), average return height ('avg_h'), standard deviation of all returns ('std_h'), LiDAR return height percentiles ('p05' to'p90'), canopy cover ('cov', see details below), canopy density ('dns', see details below), (FIC', see details below ), minimum scan angle ('min_scan'), maximum scan angle ('max_scan'), average scan angle ('avg_scan_angle'), number of returns ('N_returns'), number of returns from vegetatation ('Nveg', see detail below), and number of return from ground ('Nground').

Standard Variables:  Lidar|Canopy Closure|Elevation|Latitude|Longitude

Date Range:  (2015-2015)

Dataset Creators/Authors:  Majasalmi, Titta

Contact:  Titta Majasalmi, Department of Forest Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 27, Helsinki, Finland, titta.majasalmi@helsinki.fi

Field Area:   Calhoun Experimental Forest and Eco-hydrology Experiments | Calhoun Long-Term Soil-Ecosystem Plots and Reference Areas

Description
Keywords & XML
Citation
Publications
  • Description

    Dataset includes LiDAR features for 35 forest plots located at the Calhoun CZO. Both LiDAR data acquisition and field measurements using LAI-2000 (LI-COR, 1992) were performed during summer 2014. LAI-2000 is an optical device used to estimate Leaf Area Index (LAI, hemisurface area of foliage per unit horizontal ground surface area) and canopy gap fraction at five zenith angles. The LiDAR data were processed to match with the LAI-2000 measurements, and thus LiDAR returns arriving at angles more than 15 degrees were excluded before any calculations were performed.

    Processing chain of LiDAR data included: 1) merging .las files which have forest plots near the edges, 2) calculating the ground surface, 3) removing noise, 4) removing duplicates, 5) extracting returns for the forest plots using a 15-m circle, 6) excluding returns arriving at an angle bigger than ±15 degrees, 7) calculation of return heights, 8) classifying returns to ground and vegetation based on return heights (limit set to 1.37-m), 9) calculation of LiDAR features for all forest plots.

    The LiDAR features provided in this dataset are updated version of those presented earlier by Majasalmi et al. (2015).

    References:

    Majasalmi, T., Palmroth, S., Cook, W., Brecheisen, Z., Richter, D. (2015): Estimation of LAI, fPAR and AGB based on data from Landsat 8 and LiDAR at the Calhoun CZO. Calhoun CZO 2015 Summer Science Meeting. http://criticalzone.org/calhoun/publications/pub/majasalmi-et-al-2015-estimation-of-lai-fpar-and-agb-based-on-data-from-land/

    LI-COR, 1992. LAI-2000 Plant Canopy Analyzer, Instruction manual. ftp://ftp.licor.com/perm/env/LAI-2000/Manual/LAI-2000_Manual.pdf
    Comments
    Definitions: cov = The canopy cover is computed as the number of first returns above the height cutoff divided by the number of all first returns and output as a percentage. dns = canopy density is computed as the number of points above the height cutoff divided by the number of all returns. For more details see Korhonen and Morsdorf, 2013: FCI = First echo cover index: FCI=((∑〖Single〗_Canopy+∑〖First〗_Canopy))⁄((∑〖Single〗_All+∑〖First〗_All)) VCC1 and VCC2 = Vertical canopy cover indices: VCC1=FCI-0.6233*θ_Scan VCC2=FCI-0.0253*θ_Scan*F_Max SCI = near-vertical canopy closure or “Solberg's cover index”: SCI=∑〖Single〗_Canopy+0.5 ((∑〖First〗_Canopy+∑〖Last〗_Canopy ))⁄(∑〖Single〗_All )+0.5(∑〖First〗_All+∑〖Last〗_All ) ACI = “All echo cover index”, similar to FCI, but take into account all echo types above the height threshold: ACI=(∑〖All〗_Canopy)⁄(∑All) Korhonen, L., Morsdorf, F. 2013. Estimation of canopy cover, gap fraction and leaf area index with airborne laser scanning, chapter 20 in Forestry applications of airborne laser scanning concepts and case studies, pp.397-413, Springer. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-017-8663-8_20
  • Keywords

    High density LiDAR, forest canopy structure, feature extraction

    XML Metadata

    criticalzone.org/calhoun/data/xml-metadata-test/4606/

    XML is in ISO-19115 geographic metadata format, compatible with ESRI Geoportal Server.

  • Citation for This Webpage

    Majasalmi, Titta (2015). "CZO Dataset: Calhoun CZO - LiDAR (2015) - LiDAR features for the Calhoun CZO forest plots." Retrieved 08 Dec 2019, from http://criticalzone.org/calhoun/data/dataset/4606/

  • Publications

    Primary Publications

    2015

    Estimation of LAI, fPAR and AGB based on data from Landsat 8 and LiDAR at the Calhoun CZO. Majasalmi, T., Palmroth, S., Cook, W., Brecheisen, Z., Richter, D. (2015): Calhoun CZO 2015 Summer Science Meeting

Data

Calhoun Experimental Forest - Remote sensing of vegetation

(.csv)   Data Level 4

Data Use Policy
Data Sharing Policy
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  • Data Use Policy

    DRAFT v.0.4.0

    1. Use our data freely. All CZO Data Products* except those labelled Private** are released to the public and may be freely copied, distributed, edited, remixed, and built upon under the condition that you give acknowledgement as described below. Non-CZO data products — like those produced by USGS or NOAA — have their own use policies, which should be followed.

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  • Data Sharing Policy

    DRAFT v.0.2.5

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    † Dataset Creators. Defined as the people who are responsible for designing, collecting, analyzing and providing quality assurance for a dataset. The creators of a dataset are analogous to the authors of a publication, and datasets should be cited in an analogous manner following the emerging international guidelines described at http://www.datacite.org/whycitedata.

  • Related Datasets

    Calhoun CZO (2014). LiDAR, Hyperspectral and LiDAR Survey...
    Calhoun CZO (2016). LiDAR, LiDAR Leaf-Off Survey...

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