The subalpine to montane zones within the Critical Zone (CZ) of the Colorado Front Range, USA outside Pleistocene glaciation limits are characterized by the abundance of stratified and multilayered slope deposits exhibiting depths >1 m. Initial luminescence dating for the upper sediment layers in different profiles give last glacial ages ranging between 40 and 12 ka. A periglacial origin by solifluction is hypothesized for these slope deposits, which is corroborated by geomorphic and sedimentologic parameters. The stratified slope sediments have a strong influence on the physical and chemical properties as well as on soil forming processes in the CZ. Examples are provided for the sediment derived contribution of some elements and common clay minerals together and the great importance of slope sediments as barriers and pathways for the interflow that runs in sediment layers are shown.
Voelkel, J., Huber, J. & Leopold, M. (2011): Significance of slope sediments layering on physical characteristics and interflow within the Critical Zone - Examples from the Colorado Front Range, USA. Applied Geochemistry 26(S1): S143-S145.. DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.03.052