Multiple Disciplines

Interdisciplinary approach

An interdisciplinary approach across a broad array of sciences, especially in the geological and biological sciences, is applied to better understand the complex interconnection of Critical Zone processes. Examples include pedology, hydrology, geology, geophysics, ecology, biogeochemistry, and geomorphology.

Multiple Disciplines, Multiple Approaches

Meeting the goals of Critical Zone science requires researchers with deep disciplinary knowledge as well as collaboration and integration across multiple disciplines.  

  • Discipl​inary - Specialists are vital members of our teams since progress in Critical Zone Science requires deep knowledge of many portions of the combined physical, chemical, and biological system. 

  • Multidisciplinary - Close cooperation between specialists, each employing their own approach, helps to better understand interconnected Critical Zone processes. 
  • Interdisciplinary - Concerted integration across disciplinary boundaries has been invaluable for solving questions that require a holistic approach. 

Close collaboration has required the development of infrastructure and protocols that allow measurements to be directly compared across CZOs. See Infrastructure > A Common Approach


CZO Working Groups

Each observatory has working groups aligned along disciplines and/or research foci.  Furthermore, cross-CZO working groups aim to develop and advance cross-site science at all the CZOs.

Discipline Tags

View people, news, events, publications, etc aggregated by discipline tag within and across CZOs. Most content is interdisciplinary and tagged with 2-3 disciplines.

e.g. carbon, nitrogen

Biology / Ecology
e.g. vegetation, ecosystems

Biology / Molecular
e.g. microbes, DNA

Climatology / Meteorology
e.g. weather, air pressure

Data Management / CyberInfrastructure
e.g. databases, Q/A, portals

Engineering / Method Development
e.g. wireless networks

Geochemistry / Mineralogy
e.g. elements, isotopes

Geology / Chronology
e.g. bedrock, age dating

e.g. landscape, sediment transport

e.g. seismic, radar, resistivity

GIS / Remote Sensing
e.g. maps, elevation, LiDAR

e.g. discharge, groundwater

Modeling / Computational Science
e.g. models, algorithms

Outreach / Education Research
e.g. assessment, interviews

Social Science
e.g. land-use history

Soil Science / Pedology
e.g. genesis, classification

Water Chemistry
e.g. surface water, solutes