Redox state fluctuations are a primary mechanism controlling the mobilization of trace metals in soils. However, underlying lithology may modulate the effect that redox fluctuations have on trace metal mobility by influencing soil particle size and mineral composition. To investigate the relationships among trace metal behavior, lithology, and redox state, we subjected surface soils from two intensely weathered soil profiles formed on contrasting lithologies to consecutive, 8-day redox cycles. A suite of metals (Al, Mn, Fe, Ti, Rb, Zr, Nb, Mo, REEs, Pb, Th, U) were quantified in the aqueous phase (<10 nm) and solution (<415 nm, including colloids) from soil slurries. In soil formed on volcaniclastic bedrock with high clay content and a high abundance of short-range-ordered Fe-(oxyhydr)oxides phases (e.g. nano-goethite; quantified by Mössbauer spectroscopy), reducing events and colloidal dynamics drove trace metal mobilization. In contrast, in soil formed on granite bedrock with lower clay content and a low abundance of short-range-ordered Fe-(oxyhydr)oxides phases (nano-goethite and lepidocrocite), overall trace metal mobilization was lower, and mobilization was not predictable from redox state. Molybdenum isotopes were also measured through redox cycles but did not exhibit redox-dependent behavior. This study provides direct evidence that lithology remains an overarching factor governing the characteristics of metal mobility in soils, even after extended and intense chemical weathering and soil development processes.
Trace metal mobilization, Redox biogeochemistry, Critical zone, Molybdenum isotopes, Soil formation, Lithology
XML is in ISO-19115 geographic metadata format, compatible with ESRI Geoportal Server.
Citation for This Dataset
King, E.K., Thompson, A., Pett-Ridge, J.C. (2019): Underlying lithology controls trace metal mobilization during redox fluctuations. Science of Total Environment. 665: 1147-1157.. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.192
Citation for This Webpage
King, E.K., Thompson, A., Pett-Ridge, J.C. (2017). "CZO Dataset: Bisley and Guaba Ridge - Soil Biogeochemistry (2017) - trace metal mobilization, redox." Retrieved 22 Aug 2019, from http://criticalzone.org/luquillo/data/dataset/7165/
Data Use Policy
1. Use our data freely. All CZO Data Products* except those labelled Private** are released to the public and may be freely copied, distributed, edited, remixed, and built upon under the condition that you give acknowledgement as described below. Non-CZO data products — like those produced by USGS or NOAA — have their own use policies, which should be followed.
2. Give proper citation and acknowledgement. Publications, models and data products that make use of these datasets must include proper citation and acknowledgement. Most importantly, provide a citation in a similar way as a journal article (i.e. author, title, year of publication, name of CZO “publisher”, edition or version, and URL or DOI access information. See http://www.datacite.org/whycitedata). Also include at least a brief acknowledgement such as: “Data were provided by the NSF-supported Southern Sierra Critical Zone Observatory” (replace with the appropriate observatory name).
3. Let us know how you will use the data. The dataset creators would appreciate hearing of any plans to use the dataset. Consider consultation or collaboration with dataset creators.
*CZO Data Products. Defined as a data collected with any monetary or logistical support from a CZO.
**Private. Most private data will be released to the public within 1-2 years, with some exceptionally challenging datasets up to 4 years. To inquire about potential earlier use, please contact us.
Data Sharing Policy
All CZO investigators and collaborators who receive material or logistical support from a CZO agree to:
1. Share data privately within 1 year. CZO investigators and collaborators agree to provide CZO Data Products* — including data files and metadata for raw, quality controlled and/or derived data — to CZO data managers within one year of collection of samples, in situ or experimental data. By default, data values will be held in a Private CZO Repository**, but metadata will be made public and will provide full attribution to the Dataset Creators†.
2. Release data to public within 2 years. CZO Dataset Creators will be encouraged after one year to release data for public access. Dataset Creators may chose to publish or release data sooner.
3. Request, in writing, data privacy up to 4 years. CZO PIs will review short written applications to extend data privacy beyond 2 years and up to 4 years from time of collection. Extensions beyond 3 years should not be the norm, and will be granted only for compelling cases.
4. Consult with creators of private CZO datasets prior to use. In order to enable the collaborative vision of the CZO program, data in private CZO repositories will be available to other investigators and collaborators within that CZO. Releasing or publishing any derivative of such private data without explicit consent from the dataset creators will be considered a serious scientific ethics violation.
* CZO Data Products. Defined as data collected with any monetary or logistical support from a CZO. Logistical support includes the use of any CZO sensors, sampling infrastructure, equipment, vehicles, or labor from a supported investigator, student or staff person. CZO Data Products can acknowledge multiple additional sources of support.
** Private CZO Repository. Defined as a password-protected directory on each CZO’s data server. Files will be accessible by all investigators and collaborators within the given CZO and logins will be maintained by that local CZO’s data managers. Although data values will not be accessible by the public or ingested into any central data system (i.e. CUAHSI HIS), metadata will be fully discoverable by the public. This provides the dual benefit of giving attribution and credit to dataset creators and the CZO in general, while maintaining protection of intellectual property while publications are pending.
† Dataset Creators. Defined as the people who are responsible for designing, collecting, analyzing and providing quality assurance for a dataset. The creators of a dataset are analogous to the authors of a publication, and datasets should be cited in an analogous manner following the emerging international guidelines described at http://www.datacite.org/whycitedata.