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Forest Endmember: Spring Brook

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Spring Brook is in the Brandywine Conservancy's Laurels preserve and is the CRB-CZO's forest endmember. It is a ~8 ha 1st-order catchment that is 100% in mature forest.

0.096 km2   Area

80 - 154 m   Elev

12 °C   Temp

1145 mm   Precip

Parent Field Area:
Christina River Basin ▲

Spring Brook, within the Brandywine Conservancy's Laurels Preserve.

Lithology

metasediments

Soil Order

Inceptisol

Biome

deciduous forest

Land Use

forest land

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Setting & Research
Overview Maps
Dynamic Map
Data
Photos
Partner Organizations
  • Setting & Research

    Spring Brook is in the Brandywine Conservancy's Laurels preserve and  is the CRB-CZO's forest endmember.  It is a ~8 ha 1st-order catchment that is 100% in mature forest.

    During Hurricane Irene in August 2011, the catchment showed only a ~2 cm increase in stream stage during six inches of rain.  Adjacent streams, with headwaters in pasture, all flooded overbank during Irene, leading CRB-CZO scientists to question whether geology or land cover is responsible for the tiny storm response in Spring Brook.

    Four soil pits (~1.0-1.5 m deep) have been dug along a hillslope transect. CRB-CZO is planning on intensively instrumenting this watershed in the near future. Currently there is a minimum of hydrological infrastructure. However, in the next 12 months we hope to install an H-flume for stream discharge and shallow wells for riparian groundwater elevation.

    Forest endmember geology

    Forest endmember topography

    Forest endmember soils

    Forest endmember land use/land cover

  • Overview Maps

    Map Overlays
    Aerial
    Geology
    Land Use/Land Cover
    Soils
    Topography
  • Dynamic Map

    To fully zoom into a small area, you may need to visit the "Map" button and uncheck "Terrain" view.

  • Data

    Christina River Basin - Stream Suspended Sediment (1993-2012)
    20 components    Boulton Run, Christina River Basin, Forest Endmember: Spring Brook, White Clay Creek @ SWRC, Construction Endmember: White Clay Creek below landfill, Lower White Clay Creek, Agricultural Endmember: South Branch Doe Run    Water Chemistry, Geomorphology, Biogeochemistry, Hydrology, Geochemistry / Mineralogy    Aufdenkampe, A.K.; Newbold, J.D.; Anderson, B. A.; Richardson, D.; Damiano, S.G.

    Christina River Basin - Stream Water Temperatures (2007-2014)
    8 components    Christina River Basin, Halfway Run, Mine Hill Run, Morris Run, White Clay Creek @ SWRC, Forest Endmember: Spring Brook, Riparian Buffer Experiment @ Stroud Preserve/Georgia Farm    Water Chemistry    Sweeney, B.; Funk, D.; Newbold, J. D.; Kaplan, L. A.; Damiano, S. G.; Kline, F.; West, H.

  • Photos

    CRB-CZO Forest Endmember Field Area

    Spring Brook is in the Brandywine Conservancy's Laurels preserve and  is the CRB-CZO's forest endmember.  It is a ~8 ha 1st-order catchment that is 100% in mature forest.

  • Partner Organizations

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Geology
Topography
Climate
Soil
Human Impacts
  • Geology

    • metasediments

    Forest endmember geology

    The lithology of Spring Brook is mapped as uniform Laurels Schist, a silvery-gray-green quartz-plagioclase-muscovite-chlorite-garnet schist having minor biotite.

  • Topography

    80 - 154 m elevation (131 m mean)

    Elevation data are based on 10m DEM data from USGS National Elevation Data.

    Forest endmember topography

  • Climate

    12 °C Mean Annual Temp
    1145 mm Mean Annual Precipitation

    There is an exceptionally long climate record for the Christina River Basin. Our figures are based on 115 years of NOAA data back to 1894 with at least one station per year having at least 360 days of non-missing records in the given year. View plots of climate data.

  • Soil

    • Inceptisol

    Forest endmember soils

    The Manor loam is an Inceptisol that is coarse-loamy, micaceous, mesic Typic Dystrudepts.

  • Human Impacts

    • forest land

    Forest endmember land use/land cover

    Land Use/Land Cover Types (Level II)
    Category LULC ID %
    Developed, Open Space 21 0
    Deciduous Forest 41 97.2
    Mixed Forest 43 2.8

    Land use/cover data from the National Land Cover Dataset for 2006.